GPRC Copyright Practices for Instruction, Research and Study
- Any copying described in this guide must be performed from a non-infringing copy (legally obtained original, licensed copy, copy made with permission, copy legally posted to internet, etc.).
- A "copyrighted work" can be any kind of print publication, a printed document, a document in digital form, an image, a video or audio file, webpage or other online resource, etc.
- Copyright applies equally whether a work is found in print, online, sent via email, streamed, podcast, stored in physical media, etc.
Using Portions of Copyrighted Works:
Students or Instructors may copy from a non-infringing copy of a copyrighted work, without permission and for instructional, research or study purposes, whichever is the greater of:
- 10% of a book or one chapter, story, essay, article, etc.
- 10% per issue of a magazine/journal or one article, story, essay, etc.
- One page or one article per edition of a newspaper.
- One entire artistic work such as an image, video, poem, play, musical score, etc. from a published work which contains other such artistic works.
- 10% of a video, film or animation or cinematographic work.
- 10% or 30 seconds of a song or musical work.
- One page, article, image, file or similar discreet work from a website
Students or Instructors may create such copies in print or digital form and may post said copies to the Moodle space for their specific course.
Students or Instructors may also email or electronically distribute such copies to their instructor and classmates for instruction, research or study purposes.
Exception for Using an Entire Copyrighted Work:
An entire work which can be found on a publicly-accessible website may be copied for presentation in the classroom or a copy may be posted to Moodle so long as:
- It is reasonable to believe that the website is not infringing that work's copyright.
- The website does not have a clearly visible notice prohibiting educational use.
- Copies are deleted within 30 days of the end of the course.
If a publicly-accessible website does have a clearly visibble notice prohibiting educational use then entire works may not be copied but may be presented in the classroom via internet, or a link to that work may be posted to Moodle, so long as it is reasonable to believe that the website is not infringing the copyright of those works.
Students and Instructors may consult GPRC Library's Digital Production Technician for assistance with acquiring permission to use large portions of a work or entire works as well as finding alternatives to using copyrighted works.
Guidelines and limitations for copy practices listed above are based on rights and exceptions declared in the Copyright Act of Canada, rulings in Canadian case law and common post-secondary institutional practice.