Basic Copyright Principles for GPRC Instructors & Students
Canadian Copyright Law does not require a work to be registered or marked as copyrighted for copyright protection to apply to that work. In fact the reverse is true. Any work (document, image, video, music, webpage, etc.) you encounter should be considered to be copyrighted unless there are reasonable indications that the work is not so protected.
Copyright expires in a work 50 years after the death of its creator. Such works are then known as Public Domain works which means they may be copied without limit and for any purpose.
Open Licence Works (ex. Creative Commons, Open Access, Open Educational Resources) are available on the internet and may be copied without permission or payment, but may have other limits as to how those works may be used.
Students and Instructors may make copies of published or online works where one or more of the following conditions apply:
Permission to copy the work is expressed in the work itself, is expressed where the work was found or is explicitly granted by the work's owner
Permission to copy has been acquired by a license or other agreement
The work is Open Access or in the Public Domain
The work is copied within the limits of GPRC's Copyright Policy
Using Copies of Copyrighted Works
Any copying described in this guide must be performed from a non-infringing copy (legally obtained original, licensed copy, copy made with permission, copy legally posted to internet, etc.).
Consult the GPRC Library Digital Production Technician before proceeding with any copying of copyright-protected works which exceeds the limits listed on this page or in the GPRC Copyright Practices Guide
Copying Portions of Copyrighted Works:
The following are examples of what Students or Instructors may copy from a copyrighted work for educational purposes: 10% of the pages or one chapter, story, essay, article, etc. from a book, magazine, journal, anthology, etc.
One page or one article per edition of a newspaper.
10% of a video, film, animation or cinematographic work.
10% or 30 seconds of a song or musical work.
Copying Entire Copyrighted Works:
The following are examples of what Students or Instructors may copy from a copyrighted work for educational purposes: One entire work from a publicly-accessible website which is hosting a non-infringing copy of that work and which does not have a clear notice prohibiting educational copying.
One entire artistic work (such as an image, video, poem, play, etc.) from a published work or website which contains other such works.
Using Copies from Copyrighted Works:
In the situations listed above Students or Instructors may create copies in print or digital form and may post said copies to the Moodle space for their course.
Students or Instructors may also email or deliver digital copies to their instructor and classmates for educational purposes.
Copies of entire works may need to be deleted or destroyed within 30 days of the end of the course for which they were made. Consult the GPRC Copyright Practices Guide for details.
Finding Copyright-Safe Materials
Finding Copyright-Safe Materials at GPRC Library
GPRC Library Reference Help can help you find licensed or copyright-free documents and publications in digital form in the Library's ebook collection, article databases, and other online sources.
GPRC Library's Digital Production Technician can help faculty and students locate copyright-free and public domain online media (images, sound, video, etc.).
GPRC Library's Media Lab has royalty-free music, sound and image files available. These materials may be borrowed on CD or used on Media Lab computers.
Finding Public Domain and Other Copyright-Safe Materials on the Internet
Be sure you understand the copyright or license terms which are in effect on the contents of any website you are accessing.
Attribution of another party's works copied in your own work (in whole or in part) is required by GPRC's policies regarding Academic Standards, Copyright and Plagiarism.
These websites link to various types of royalty-free material which can be accessed without charge but may not be fully Open Access or in the Public domain. Google Books Advanced Search - set Search: to "Full View Only"
Google Images Advanced Search - set usage rights to one of the "free to use. . ." options
Public Domain Images Wiki
Public Domain Resources Wiki
Public Domain Respositories
Works in the Public Domain have no legal owner. Public Domain works are free of charge and may be used without any restrictions whatsoever Feedbooks - eBooks
Project Gutenberg - eBooks
PDinfo.com - Songs & Sheet Music
Public Domain 4U.com - MP3 Downloads
PublicDomainFlicks.com - Movies
Public-Domain-Image.com - Images
PublicDomainPictures.net - Images
Open Access Repositories
Open Access works are typically free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open Access licenses vary in what users are permitted to do with copies of works. The user is responsible for knowing and obeying the terms of an Open Access license. Creative Commons.org - Documents, audio, video, images
Creative Commons Canada - Documents, audio, video, images
Creative Commons Audio - Music
Directory of Open Access Journals - Articles
Flat World Knowledge - Textbooks
Google Art Project - Images
MIT Open Courseware - Course Materials
Open Educational Resources - Course Materials
Public Library of Science - Articles
PubMed - Medical
OpenDOAR - Directory of Open Access Repositories - Index of O.A. Repositories
ROAR - Registry of Open Access Repositories - Index of O.A. Repositories
Getting Help with Copyright
GPRC Library's Digital Production Technician is the primary copyright support person for GPRC and can help students and instructors: evaluate whether their intended use of a copyrighted work complies with GPRC policy and Canadian Copyright Law
find copyright-compliant media (images, sound, video, etc.) for use in instruction, research and study
acquire permission to use copyrighted works in ways not allowed by Fair Dealing, licenses or other rights
find alternatives to prohibited uses of a copyrighted work
GPRC Library Digital Production Technician